Restore the pristine beauty of the historic Taj Mahal or “you can demolish it if you like.”
An angry Supreme Court made these observations on Wednesday as it came down heavily on the Centre, the Uttar Pradesh government and various authorities for their “lethargy” and “apathy” in taking steps to protect the iconic monument, dubbing the issue of its preservation as a “hopeless cause”.
“You (government) can shut down the Taj. You can demolish it if you like and you can also do away with it if you have already decided,” an anguished bench of Justices Madan B Lokur and Deepak Gupta said.
“Uttar Pradesh (government) is not bothered. No action plan or vision document has come yet. Either you demolish it (Taj) or you restore it,” the bench said.
The SC has been monitoring the efforts to protect the Taj Mahal, built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal at Agra. The 17th century white marble mausoleum is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and draws as many as 70,000 people every day.
During the hearing, the bench also drew a parallel between the Taj and the Eiffel Tower. “There is the Eiffel Tower in Paris. Perhaps it is nothing compared to Taj Mahal. Eighty million people come there (Paris). This is eight times more than what we have. You can destroy the Taj, we don’t want to do it,” it said.
Referring to the Eiffel Tower, the bench said, “We are obsessed with security. At every place (in foreign cities), you have towers to have a bird’s eye view of the city. But in India, you have security problems. There are no such towers to look at the city.”
When one of the lawyers said that the vision document was being prepared, the bench shot back, “Will the vision document come after the Taj is demolished? Taj Mahal has to be protected or the Government of India has to decide if it has to be demolished.”
Asked by the court about the number of tourists visiting India last year, Additional Solicitor General ANS Nadkarni, appearing for the Centre, said the figure was about 10 million in 2017. “There is sheer lethargy and apathy. People (abroad) are making money, but no one is bothered (here),” the court said.
The SC also observed that despite there being a report of the Parliamentary Standing Committee, which dealt with the effects of pollution on Taj, the authorities have not bothered to take appropriate steps in this regard. It said that the committee had stated in its report that Taj Mahal is a national pride and heritage and multi-pronged approach was required to preserve and restore it.
The bench was also informed that soon, online booking system would start at Taj Mahal where the tourist would be able to book high-end tickets. One advocate also told the bench that soon there would be time restriction and time slot for the tourists visiting Taj. Nadkarni told the court that the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur was conducting an assessment of air pollution level in and around the mausoleum and Taj Trapezium Zone (TTZ) and they would give their report within four months.
However a lawyer, representing the Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board, claimed that the National Chamber of Industries and Commerce had sought permission for expansion of industries in the area. At this, the court asked, “There are new proposals from industries. How can they (TTZ) consider it when there cannot be any expansion (of industries) and there is an ad hoc moratorium?”
The bench observed that industrial units operating in Agra should be shut down, issued notice to the TTZ authority for allegedly letting up new industries to come up in the area. It said that the TTZ should furnish the details of industries operating in the area and also explain whether they have granted any permission to any such unit for expansion. TTZ is an area of about 10,400 sq kms spread over Agra, Firozabad, Mathura, Hathras and Etah in Uttar Pradesh and Bharatpur in Rajasthan.
The bench also took exception to the question why only four ambient air quality monitoring stations were set up at Agra against 22 required. It directed the Centre to file an affidavit in two weeks giving all details of what has already been done for protection of Taj and what the government intended to do further.
The court said the affidavit filed by the Centre giving some details of steps taken was “absolutely of no consequence” and it should specify every step in detail, along with a time frame and responsibility and accountability of the concerned departments. It said that steps taken by the authorities appear to have a “negative effect” on Taj. It also said that since the matter was lingering on for a long time and no concrete steps have been taken to restore the glory of Taj, it would take up the matter on a day-to-day basis from July 31.