The Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) has expressed its views in the new corporate governance code, which listed companies need to implement by October 1. The code was cleared by the regulator's board and is being finalised for necessary notifications.
There have been suggestions that companies should have different persons for the roles of chairman and managing director (or chief executive officer) to avoid one person getting unfettered powers of management.
The requirement to segregate the roles is common in developed countries such as the US, the UK and France.
Sebi had sought feedback in its consultation paper on new corporate governance norms on the need to separate the positions of chairman and MD.
The new Companies Act provides for such a separation unless the articles of a company provide otherwise or a company does not have multiple businesses.
While a majority of the comments received in response to the consultative paper favoured mandatory separation of the posts, Sebi's Primary Market Advisory Committee (PMAC) recommended that separate posts not be mandated.
Agreeing with the PMAC recommendation, the regulator proposed that separate posts for the chairman and MD/CEO may not be mandated considering the extant provisions that mandate a higher number of independent directors if there is an executive chairman.
"However, it is proposed that the separation of the post of Chairman and MD/CEO may be implemented by companies as a good governance practice," Sebi concluded.
On a PMAC recommendation to have a majority of independent directors in the absence of a regular non-executive chairman, Sebi said this proposal appeared to be "too onerous."
"It is proposed to address the concern of PMAC by incorporating the provision that boards of companies which do not have a regular non-executive chairman shall have at least half of the board as independent," the regulator said.
In most public sector enterprises, as also many large private sector companies, the posts of chairman and managing director are held by the same person.
The PMAC had observed that the question of mandatory separation of chairman and CEO posts was not settled globally yet and a good number of companies already had different individuals for these positions.