India, China influencing global trade patterns: WTO

Tags: News
Emerging economies like India, China and Brazil are no longer policy takers but are significantly influencing the pattern and scope of international trade, according to WTO director general Pascal Lamy.

These emerging powers — China, India, Brazil, Mexico, Indonesia, Malaysia, South Africa — and many others are no longer policy takers.

These countries now increasingly influence the pattern and scope of international trade, creating new supply and demand pulls and flexing their influence in international organisations, he said recently at the Richard Snape Lecture.

Lamy said, “This is no longer the world of the twentieth century dominated by the US pillar on one side and the European pillar on the other. We are in a twenty-first century multi-polar world.”

The WTO chief said emergence of some developing countries as key players and as real contributors to global dialogue on trade and economics is a fundamental feature of this new geo-political reality.

He said the global network of imports and exports is no longer just the North-South paradigm of the past century.

Increasingly we are seeing developing countries as producers and as markets for each other and this is one of the growing patterns of the new landscape of trade, he added.

The WTO chief said that the in the past 20 years, merchandise trade between developing countries has expanded much faster than the North-South trade.

A recent report by UNCTAD notes that in 2010 South-South exports made up 23 per cent of world trade compared with just 13 per cent in 2000.

Developing countries are now the largest market for other developing countries. While this is encouraging, the contribution of developing regions to South-South trade is highly skewed, he said.

Asian countries make up more than 80 per cent of South-South trade, with the shares of Africa and Latin America being just 6 per cent and 10 per cent respectively in 2010.

Lamy said that economic ties between Africa and China and Africa and India are growing considerably.

Trade between China and Africa will likely hit upwards of $200 billion in 2012, up 25 per cent year on year. If this trend continues, reports are that Africa could surpass the EU and the US to become China’s largest trade partner in three to five years, he added.

Post new comment

E-mail ID will not be published
CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.

EDITORIAL OF THE DAY

  • This is right time for retail investors to enter the debt market

    Quite often, retail investors are ridiculed for entering the equities market in droves, signalling the first signs of a bubble on the Street.

FC NEWSLETTER

Stay informed on our latest news!

INTERVIEWS

GV Nageswara Rao

MD & CEO, IDBI Federal Life

Timothy Moe

Goldman Sachs

Chander Mohan Sethi

CMD, Reckitt Benckiser India

COLUMNIST

Arun Nigavekar

Cost of education must be controlled

In India, we pay very little attention to the cost ...

Rajgopal Nidamboor

Focus to keep your daily qualms at bay

Philosophers and scientists have, for long, compared the human brain ...

Gautam Gupta

What we can learn from the French fashion scene

It was a pleasure and a treat to experience one ...

INTERVIEWS

William D. Green

Chairman & CEO, Accenture