"Around 1 lakh people in BSNL are in excess of the requirement and the company wants these people to take voluntary retirement," a top official of the company told PTI.
He added that the voluntary retirement scheme (VRS), proposal for which is lying with the government, was made keeping in mind these numbers.
"If these people opt for VRS, the salary burden of the company will come down to 10-15 per cent, which is manageable," the official said.
The company had 2.81 lakh employees as on March 31, 2011.
BSNL profits started declining continuously from Rs 10,183 crore in 2004-05, before it recorded a loss in 2009-10.
During 2010-11, BSNL losses rose to Rs 6,384 crore mainly due to hefty outgo of salaries and expenses borne by the PSU for procuring 3G and BWA spectrum.
The official said that besides the issue of over-staffing, there is a problem regarding the age of excess staff and lack of required skills set.
"Over-staffing is one part which gets compounded by the fact that age is skewed. The average age is about 50 years. These people don't have the skills set that are required for a service provider," he added.
In order to cut losses, BSNL has drawn a blueprint to garner an estimated Rs 8,000 crore revenue through monetisation of its vast real estate as well has hiving off its tower arm over the next five years.
The proposals include utilisation of its real estate, monetising of towers assets, utilisation of its factories for revenue generation, providing broadband connectivity to schools and leasing out its CDMA network.