The company, which has already ceased domestic production of television sets, said it will "integrate" its manufacturing facilities in China, Indonesia and Poland by the end of March 2014.
The company has not officially decided which one should survive, a Toshiba spokesman said, adding two of the three plants would be sold or shut down.
The Nikkei business daily reported the Indonesian factory could stay because of its high production efficiency.
The structural reform will halve Toshiba's global workforce for visual products business, including liquid crystal display (LCD) TVs and Blu-ray recorder/players, from 6,000 at end-March 2013 to 3,000 at end-March 2014.
Of the 3,000, 2,000 jobs will be abroad while 1,000 will be in Japan, the spokesman said. The 1,000 workers in Japan will be relocated within the Toshiba group.
The Toshiba group currently has four TV manufacturing bases, including a joint venture in Egypt.
"Toshiba will focus on emerging markets including Asia, the Middle East and Africa, where growth in demand is expected," the company said in a statement.
It will end sales of visual products in unprofitable regions, mostly Central and South America, excluding Brazil and Mexico.
Toshiba shares were down 0.22 per cent at 444 yen in Tokyo afternoon trade while the benchmark Nikkei index was off 1.45 percent.