The battle of Waterloo was not fought in Waterloo. This famous battle, in which the forces of Duke of Wellington triumphed over Napoleon, was fought in Mont St John, just south of the village of Waterloo. The battle was named after Waterloo because Lord Wellington had a habit of naming his battles after the places he stayed the night before, not where they were fought! Incidentally, there is an India connection to the battle of Waterloo. Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, rose to prominence in India. He then successfully directed the Peninsular Campaign of 1811 when the British went to support Portugal and Spain against Napoleon.