ONGC gets project operator's nod for $5b Kashagan stake buy
Dec 06 2012 , New Delhi
In its biggest acquisition till date, ONGC Videsh Ltd, the overseas arm of Oil & Natural Gas Corp last month agreed to pay US energy giant ConocoPhillips about $ 5 billion for the 8.4 per cent stake in Kashagan, the biggest oilfield discovery in over four decades.
The deal is subject to the approval of governments of Kazakhstan and India and also to other partners in the Caspian Sea field waiving their right of first refusal.
Industry sources said Italy's Eni, the operator of the first phase of the Kashagan oilfield that is due to start production in second quarter of 2013, has publicly stated that it will not pre-empt or block the sale.
Eni, ExxonMobil of US, Royal Dutch Shell, France's Total and Kazakhstan's Kazmunaigas (KMG) hold 16.81 per cent stake each in the field, while Japan's Inpex the remaining 7.56 per cent.
Sources said the partners have 60 days to decide on exercising their right of first refusal on ConocoPhillips' stake.
Once all the other five companies in the project waive their pre-emption rights, the deal will go before Kazakhstan government, which contractually has 180 days to clear it.
Sources said on the previous two occasions when companies sold out of Kashagan, the other partners pre-empted.
Originally, Kashagan field had Eni, BG Group of UK, ExxonMobil, Shell, Total and Kazakh government with 14.28 per cent stake each. BP had 9.52 per cent and Norway's Statoil 4.76 per cent.
Inpex of Japan and ConocoPhillips entered the consortium in 1998, purchasing Kazakhstan's 14.28 per cent share.
In 2001, when Total agreed to buy BP and Statoil's stakes, all other partners exercised their pre-emption rights and the stake was equally split among them. Subsequently, the shareholding in the project was -- BG, Eni-Agip, ExxonMobil, Shell and Total (16.67 per cent each), ConocoPhillips and Inpex (8.33 per cent each).
Then again in 2003, when BG agreed to sell its 16.67 per cent interest to Chinese state duo Sinopec and China National Offshore Oil Corp (CNOOC), the pre-emption rights were exercised. Kazakhstan purchased half (8.33 per cent) of BG's share while other consortium members shared the remaining.
In 2008, a new contract was signed wherein KMG's share was doubled from 8.33 per cent to 16.66 per cent with other partners taking proportionate cuts.
Under Kazakh law, KMG would have the first option to purchase Conoco's stake and in October the company had publicly expressed interest in Conoco's holding.